Luras, whose ancient name was Villa Lauras, is located in Gallura, 508 metres above sea level on a granite hill of Limbara. There are two theories as to how it originated: the first presumes that it was one of five colonies founded by the Etruscans in Sardinia during the 9th century BC; the second theory seems more unlikely, as it presumes to have been founded by some 4,000 Jewish settlers deported to Sardinia by the Roman Emperor Tiberius in the 9th century AC. This hypothesis is reinforced by the presence of some names in Luras which could indicate Hebrew etymology, such as Canharan (currently Carana) and Canahini or Canahim (currently Canaili). In the Spanish-Aragonese Judicial period, Luras villages such as Silonis, Carana and Canaili were extinguished by invasions, famine and pestilence. Until 1839, Luras was part of the Gallura magistrate, a time when economy and trade reinforced the local agriculture, helping to make this era very flourishing. Luras has a region covered entirely by rich forests of oak, holm oak and many Mediterranean vegetation types including mastic, myrtle, strawberries, juniper and rock rose. Today its economy is based on tourism, processing granite and cork, breeding livestock, agriculture and vineyards. Wines produced in the region are appreciated both in Sardinia and abroad. The most famous wines are the muscat, the vermentino and the Nebbiolo from Luras, which has brotherhood committed to promoting it as well as other food in the region.